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MAGNITUDE OF BEHAVIOURAL RISK FACTORS AND TREATMENT-SEEKING BEHAVIOUR FOR NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AMONG THE TRIBAL POPULATION OF SOUTHERN KARNATAKA

. Javeria Fathima, Smitha M C, Manohar Prasad Prabhu, Prakash B, Chandan N and Sayana Basheer


Abstract

Background

Globally, NCDs account for 60% of the disease burden. Although research on risk factors for NCDs has been conducted in urban and rural areas, data on indigenous communities in India, particularly in Karnataka, is scarce

 

Methods

This was a community-based cross-sectional study, conducted from January 2021 to June 2021, in H D Kote taluk, Mysuru among 354 tribals aged above 18 years. Probability proportionate to size sampling technique was used to select the houses.  Data were collected by interview method using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire. Descriptive data was represented as proportions. Inferential statistical tests like Chi-Square were used to determine the association between the presence of risk factors and the presence of NCDs.

 

Results

Among the study participants, the prevalence of NCDs was 11.3%, tobacco and alcohol use were 58.4% and 28.8% respectively, 46% had BMI in the normal range, and 70.1% reported vigorous physical activity. No significant association was found between risk factors and NCDs, 100% of the respondents attempted to treat their illness, but 80% seek medical attention during the complication stage, and 90.7% of the participants had no knowledge regarding NCD risk factors, disease management and complications.

 

Conclusion

The tribal population of H.D Kote taluk were having a higher prevalence of NCD risk factors like tobacco use, and alcohol use. The knowledge regarding NCDs was very poor but treatment-seeking behaviour was good

 

Keywords: Behavioural risk factors, Knowledge, non-communicable diseases, tribal area, Treatment seeking behaviour.

 

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