In our project we are using the Geneva conveyor for material handling and noise reduction in industries. It constitute of motor, rollers, belt and IR sensor. Two rollers are mounted on the stand, according to the sufficient distance required. The belt is mount on the rollers on which the materials are placed. The roller shaft is linked with the Geneva drive. The Geneva drive shaft is coupled with the motor shaft, hence while power is supplied to the motor the rollers rotates with a required time of stop according to the Geneva drive and the belt moves along the rollers. Thus material handling is carried out. With the assistance of Geneva drive, the time stopping can be achieved which avoids the use of stepper motor thus reduces the cost involved. The main aim of this project is to optimize the measuring length of work piece and to reduce the noise of conveyor. Usually the plug gauges are used to inspect the components. As an alternate of using manual inspection, automatic system via pneumatic comparators is used in our Project.
The field of automation has a notable impact in a wide range of industries beyond manufacturing. Automation plays an increasingly important role in the world economy. Filling is a task carried out by a machine that packages liquid products such as cold drinks or water. In past, humans were the main method for controlling a system. More recently, electricity has been used for control and electrical control is based on microcontrollers for various purposes like medicines, pharmaceutical plants, chemical plants etc.There microcontrollers control the complete working of the system. It is common to use microcontrollers to make simple logical control decision. The automation in bottle filling industry comes with increased electrical components. Essential requirements of each component in the system is important to be studied in ordered to understand how each part works in coordination with other parts in the system.
This study mainly includes design, fabrication and control system for automated bottle filling system. The main part is control system which includes C programming in Arduino microcontroller to control various components in system. A conveyor system with sensors and electromagnetic valve is fabricated for this purpose. The entire sequence of operation is controlled by arduino microcontroller. In small industries bottle filling operation is done manually. The manual filling process has many shortcomings like spilling of water while filling it in bottle, equal quantity of water may not be filled, delay due to natural activities of human etc.
This problem faced by small industries compels to design this system. This proposed system is meant for small industries. It aims to eliminate problem faced by small scale bottle filling system. With this system which operates automatically, every process can be smooth and the process of refilling can reduce worker cost and operation cost.