In pediatrics, radiographic imaging is a very important diagnostic technique, for evaluating different abnormalities, but it comes with several challenges. Pediatric radiography is a valuable tool because, to obtain images, specialized imaging exposure methods are necessary for different organs. The proper knowledge and high expertise are needed to evaluate the properly detailed radiographs, and most significantly, it needs particular attention for radiation protection while using ionizing radiation. Pediatric radiography is challenging and needs special training for technologists to understand the psychology of the child, technologists should gain the trust and cooperation of the child duration the entire examination, It starts with the initial encounter between the patient and the technician, which lasts forever and creates the foundation of a fruitful connection. Images acquired during pediatric radiography must have good contrast, and resolution with no-repeat examinations to prevent the harmful effects of radiation. The radiation principle should be followed i.e., Justification, Optimization, and Dose Limits while using ionizing radiation in the medical field.
Index Terms- Pediatric imaging; radiation protection; immobilization devices, technical parameters