In the present work Gas chromatography and Mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) analysis of ethanolic extract of Abelmoshcus ficulneus (L.) Wight & Arn belonging to the family Malvaceae was carried out. GC MS analysis of ethanol extract was done by standard protocol using the equipment Perkin-Elmer Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry, while the mass spectra of the compounds found in the extract was matched with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) library. GC-MS analysis of ethanolic extracts of stem, leaf, root and fruit exhibited numerous peaks in different retention time. The stem extract represented the presence of 20 compounds, leaf, root and fruit extracts represented the presence of 19, 30 and 12 compounds. Root extracts exhibited maximum number chemical compounds present in the plant. The bioactive compounds present in the plants have chemopreventive, anticancer, anti-microbial activity, antioxidant and antidiabetic activity due to the presence of secondary metabolites in the ethanolic extract. However, isolation of individual phytoconstituents may proceed to find a novel drug in a pharmaceutical industry.
Keyword: Gas chromatography and Mass spectroscopy, Abelmoshcus ficulneus, ethanol extract and NIST library.