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. Fazal Ghani, Zulfiqar Ali, Zahid Ahmad, Shandana, Imran Ahmad Sajid & Aurangzeb Khan Mehsud


Objective: To assess sanitation and basic hygiene facilities at household level in the selected villages of tehsil Khar, District Bajaur, Pakistan, which is closely linked with the public health.


Background: Globally 2.2 billion people lack access to safe drinking water. More than half of the world's population lacks access to adequate sanitation. Despite this, 673 million people defecate in the open. In Pakistan 22% of people have no facility of sanitation services.  In the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province 89% of households have access to improved water sources, and 85% have accessed to improved sanitation.


Methods: The primary data for this purpose was collected through field survey. A questionnaires survey was carried out to collect information about sanitation system and basic hygiene situation of study area.


Results: Results of the survey shows that majority of the people have no access to well managed system of sanitation and drainage of wastewater. Open defecation is common in the study area. In the last six months, the cholera and malaria (40% and 38% respectively) affected general public of the study area. No proper system found for solid waste management. Poverty and lack of proper planning is found as the main obstacle to healthy hygienic practices.


Conclusion: The study concludes that, the surveyed area has no well managed system of sanitation, wastewater drainage and treatment. The poor sanitation caused various diseases in the study area. Multiple planning measures are suggested in the study to improve the public health situation in the study area.


Key Words: Water, Sanitation, Hygiene, Waterborne diseases, Public health

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