Search Articles

Home / Articles

Prevalence of Diabetes and Anemia During Gestation in Females in Gujrat

. Aisha Kahlid, Hannana Maryam, Abid Ali, Mahnoor Fatimah, Waqar Mehmood Dar & Maham Batool


Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is considered to be one of the main public health problems in Asia. It is actually one of the main metabolic complications during pregnancy, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), is linked to a higher risk of unfavorable pregnancy outcomes for both women and their fetus, both in the short- and long-term. Throughout the past few decades, the prevalence of GDM has been rising on a global scale. Also the anemia during pregnancy is mostly brought on by dietary deficiencies (iron, vitamin B12, folate), parasitic diseases (hookworm, malaria, etc.), and sudden blood loss. 15 To lower anemia among pregnant women, many national nutrition programs and preventative and control measures for micronutrient deficiencies have been put in place. 16Since anemia affects physical health, cognitive development, productivity, and represents a nation's underdeveloped economy, it is also widely seen as a sign of other undesirable health and socioeconomic implications.

Objective: To find out the prevalence of anemia and diabetes mellitus in women during pregnancy

Materials and methods: 399 pregnant females were included in the study. It was a cross sectional study from the time period of February 2023 to march 2023, the subjects included did not had any previous history of diabetes mellitus, Cushing syndrome, Polycystic ovary syndrome or any other chronic diseases including endocrinology disorders also were not undergoing corticosteroid treatment as these cause insulin resistance changing the results required.

Results: Out of our 399 pregnant females anemia was present in 314 females showing 78.7% of its prevalence and was absent in 21.3%. Whereas gestational diabetes was present in 69 females out of 399 which means the prevalence of diabetes was 17.3%.

Conclusion: The prevalence of anemia and diabetes in pregnancy from this study was found to be a severe health problem in Gujrat. Pregnant women's health literacy is crucial specially at this key period, for both their personal health and the health of their unborn children. Globally, the diabetes epidemic presents a significant public health concern. Although the GDM gives the worse pregnancy outcomes but still its prevalence is increasing markedly. GDM can lead to complications during childbirth and also the chances of acquiring type 2 diabetes mellitus of the mother increases in later life. Overall our study concluded that the prevalence of GDM in Gujrat is 17.3%. On the other hand, the prevalence of anemia in pregnant ladies is concluded to be almost 78.7%. Following the results, it is critical that a community based study design should be assessed and the impact of the anemia on pregnancy should be summarized and informed. Health care and nutritional programs should be launched to aware the ladies to overcome the anemia.

KEYWORDS: Gestational Diabetes mellitus, Anemia, Hemoglobin(hb)

Download :