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PHARMACOGNOSTIC EVALUTION OF PIMPINELLA STEWARTII (NASIR.) APIACEAE: LEAVES
Pimpinella stewartii Nasir. Is can be either annual or perennial. Mostly scented flowering plants belonging to the Apiaceae or Umbelliferae family are also referred to as umbellifers, celery, carrots, or parsley. The plant is been used for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases such gas, indigestion, tooth ache, and griping discomfort, which are in agreement with what has already been described, using shade-dried leaves of Pimpinella stewartii. The leaf extract is also in ethanol. For standardization of this herbal plant, Pharmacognosy is carried out. The leaves of the said plant are studied for the parameters like macroscopy, microscopy and powder study. It was also investigated for the phytochemical analysis. The powder study revealed the presence of powder drug's flavour, consistency, aroma and colour were macroscopically examined and noted using the organoleptic approach. Pampillina Stewartii organoleptic results have been identified. The leaf powder has a fragrant fragrance, a little bitter flavor, and a fine texture. These results go concurrent with microscopy of leaves. The phytochemical parameters also showed significant results. The phytochemical analysis showed the presence the crude extract of Pimpinella stewartii included many different types of compounds such as phenolic, glycosides, flavonoids, alkaloids, quinones, carbohydrates, amino acids, terpenoids and coumarins was change in colour. However, the Tannins, Saponins and sterols test results for the crude extract showed no change in colour.
Key words: Pimpinella stewartii, Leaves, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemical analysis.