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INFLUENCE OF MINDFULNESS AND EMOTION REGULATION ON PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN UYO METROPOLIS: A PILOT STUDY
Many a times, women have been faced with anxiety and depression which usually comes with pregnancy. Based on this, the study investigated the predictive influence of mindfulness and emotion regulation on psychological distress among pregnant women in a private hospital. To empirically find solutions, three standardized measuring instruments were utilized: Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6) developed by Dadfar, Lester, Momeni, and Roshanpajouh, (2018), the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ-SF) developed by Bohlmeijer, ten Klooster, Fledderus, Veehof, and Baer (2011), and the 8-item Regulation dimension of Emotional Intelligence scale developed by Espinoza-Venegas, Sanhueza-Alvarado, Ramírez-Elizondo, and Sáez-Carrillo (2015). Required ethical requirements were met before and during administration of the questionnaires. Thereafter, collected data were subjected to empirical software analysis using descriptive statistics and multiple linear regressions to probe the three primary research hypotheses. The first hypothesis which stated that mindfulness will significantly contribute to psychological distress among pregnant women was retained. In the same way the second hypothesis which states that pregnant women with low emotion regulation will significantly report high psychological distress was confirmed. Then, a significant interplay was observed between mindfulness and emotion regulation on the criterion variable (psychological distress). In line with the findings, implications centered on the need for pregnant women to be fully equipped and trained with the rudiments of mindfulness during their antenatal visits; in the same way, their emotion needs to be met and well guided in order to keep them in check regarding their levels of psychological distress, and indirectly, boosting their psychological well-being.
Keywords: Mindfulness, emotion regulation, psychological distress, pregnant women.