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Investigation of the Concept and Values of Multiculturalism in the Holy Qur’an: A Narrative Literature Review

. Subhan Abdullah Acim


This study investigates the concept and value of multiculturalism in the Qur'an. This study is guided by the formulation of the problem, namely: First, what is the concept of multiculturalism from the perspective of the Qur’an? Second, what are the values of multiculturalism contained in the Qur’an? This study is a literature review with a traditional literature review approach. The primary data for this study is the Qur’an, while the secondary data is scientific journals obtained from internet-based databases, namely Google Scholar and DOAJ. The study found: First, the relationship between the Qur’an and multiculturalism can be seen from a normative and historical perspective. Normatively, many verses of the Qur'an contain the teachings of multiculturalism. Historically, the “Medina Charter” has affirmed the values of rahmatan lil ‘alamin in the Qur’an as the ideological basis of multiculturalism. Second, the values of multiculturalism in the Qur'an are: the value of peace and reconciliation; the value of competitiveness; the value of appreciation and interdependence; the value of kindness; the value of equality; the value of justice; and the value of tolerance. This study contributes to the strengthening of the concept and values of multiculturalism in Islam by promoting Islam as a religion that supports multiculturalism.


Index Terms- Concept, Values, Multiculturalism, Qur’an


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