Jhum cultivation is one of the most important indigenous farming systems in Karbi Anglong District of Assam. The present study intends to explore the role of indigenous karbi community in practicing jhum cultivation and the comparative involvement of karbi and non karbi people in different jhum cultivation system in the district. Qualitative and Quantitative methods are used to conduct interviews of karbi people as well as non karbi people inhabited in the district. Observations and focus group discussion with the local people are used to know about their jhum cultivation process. The result has revealed that the karbi people mostly involved in different jhum activities than other non karbi people in different surveyed villages in Karbi Anglong District and the continuation of traditional farming practices guided by the traditional farming calendar and characterized by mixed cropping, inter-cropping and rotation, which usually optimized the use of limited arable lands in the area.
Key words: Indigenous farming system, karbi community, Karbi Anglong District, jhum cultivation