This research applied the framework of Dual Concern Theory of Conflict Management to analyze the different patterns of herdsmen-crop farmers’ conflicts and the implications on food security in Oyo state of Nigeria. Specifically, it examined the pattern and frequency of farm invasion by herdsmen, the types and value of crops affected, the reasons why herdsmen invade farms and the actions taken by crops farmers to mitigate the effects (Dual concern behavior exhibited by both parties) Cluster and multistage sampling techniques were applied in selecting respondents for the study. Descriptive (means) statistical tools was used for data summarization while Kendall’s Coefficient of Concordance test (W) was the inferential tool applied for ranking (in order of significance) the factors measured in the study. Results reveal that crops mostly invaded by herders as cassava, maize, cashew and vegetables. Similarly the average income of crop farmers was generally low for most crops; implying that invasion of farms poses serious threat to food security in the area. The behavior exhibited by herdsmen was more of concern for the satisfaction of their own interests and believes that “there’s not enough room in this conflict for the two of us, meaning it’s either you or me. On the other hand crop farmers exhibited more of negotiation behavior by seeking for peaceful co-existence with herders.
Keywords: Herders, Crop Farmers, Conflict, Farm Invasion