Introduction: -Diabetic Retinopathy is the most terrible sight-threatening disorder characterized by retinal changes seen in Diabetic patients. Anemia is the most commonly occurring complication of Diabetes Mellitus and is considered as the independent risk factor for developing Diabetic retinopathy.
Objectives:- Main objective is to find the prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in association with anemia among Diabetic patients and how the presence of Anemia can affect the occurrence of Diabetic Retinopathy
Methods: -This is a cross-sectional observational study that was conducted for six months in 150 Diabetic patients and they were evaluated and monitored for the presence or absence of diabetic retinopathy in association with anemia.
Results: -Out of 150 Diabetic patients. 78 were with Diabetic retinopathy (DR) ( 41males & 37 females). Most of the patients with DR are of age group 56-65 years. Duration of DM also affects DR. Patients with a longer duration of DM >5yrs are more prone to develop DR than those<5years. Anaemia is a major risk factor of DR . Out of 78 DR patients, males with DR with anaemia are 31 and females are 28.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Diabetic retinopathy, Anemia