Background: Scientific sports training is most importance for every athlete to achieving excellence in sports. This present scientific study was to analysis on the impact of different proportions of aerobic and anaerobic trainings on heart rate (HR) and stroke volume (SV).
Methods: Thirty men elite athletes were taken for this study, aged between 20 and 25 years. They were further divided into two groups. Group I (n=15) 90% aerobic and 10% anaerobic proportion (10,000 mtr race), Group II (n=15) 10% aerobic and 90% anaerobic proportion (200mtr race). (Edward L. Fox, 1989)For both the groups cardiovascular parameters HR and SV were measured by using Electro cardiograph (ECG) and M-mode Doppler echocardiograph respectively. All subjects were elite athletes. Subjects underwent their respective training regimen under the supervision of their regular coaches.
Result: The HR at rest mean values of 90% aerobic and 10% anaerobic and 10% aerobic and 90% anaerobic group 46.00 and 56.07 beats/min (p=0.05) respectively. SV at rest mean values of both groups 102.08 and 82.63 ml/beat (p=0.05) respectively. The values obtained were analyzed with data obtained from athletes by SPSS. The result indicates that 90% aerobic and 10% anaerobic group has significantly decreased HR and increased SV as compared to 10% aerobic and 90% anaerobic group.
Conclusion: It is concluded that 90% aerobic and 10% anaerobic training is better training protocol to decrease the heart rate and increase stroke volume among athletes for better physiological efficacy.
Keywords: Sports training, different proportions of aerobic, anaerobic training, heart rate, stroke volume, elite athletes, cardiovascular system