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Impact of Smart Agriculture and Innovation on Food Security in Africa: Evidence from Nigeria

. Ndubuisi O. Chukwu, Ambrose Nnaemeka Omeje (PhD), Kasie Emmanuel Ofoezie (PhD), Afamefuna A. Eze, Lilian Onyinyechi Agbo (DTN)


This study examined the impact of smart agriculture and innovation on food security in Africa using evidence from Nigeria. The study utilized time series data from 1960 – 2019, sourced from World Development Indicators – WDI (2020) and Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (2020) data set, and applied econometric approach based on Ordinary Least Squares technique. It was found by the study that with respect to smart agriculture, fertilizer intensity has negative significant impact on food security by about 1.378546%, while that of tractor intensity revealed that it has positive significant impact on food security by about 0.0050153%. On innovation, the results on number of internet subscribers revealed that it has positive but insignificant impact on food security by about 0.074778%, while human capital development has positive significant impact on food security by about 56.6469%. The study therefore recommended among others that government and its agencies on food security should encourage people more to use natural manure or organic fertilizer instead of inorganic fertilizer. This can be done by boosting crop yields through numerous practices and technologies such as nutrient management practices and technologies geared towards organic fertilizer.


Index Terms- Africa; Econometric Approach; Food Security; Innovation; Smart Agriculture.

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