Sugarcane Bagasse and Rubber wood are transformed into cellulose by pre-treating with NaClO2 and NaOH. The obtained cellulose is converted into its respective Nano Cellulose (NC) through acid hydrolysis method and followed by high-intensity ultra-sonication. Synthesized NCs were characterized by Fourier Transformation Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The thermal properties of the NCs were studied by Thermogravimetric and Derivative Thermal Analysis (TGA/DTA). FT-IR spectroscopy shows the principle chemical structure with the significant conversion of cellulose to NCs. XRD shows the morphological structure of the NCs having crystalline and amorphous nature. SEM and TEM analysis depict the surface morphology. In addition, the comparative study on the properties and morphology of NCs were detailed. The current work is not only expected to provide useful information about the synthesis of NCs but also provides interesting information on the role of acid hydrolysis on morphology and its properties.
Acid hydrolysis, Nanocellulose, Rubber Wood, Sugarcane Bagasse, Cellulose