The objective of the Hazard Identification Risk Assessment (HIRA) is to identifying and assessing the hazard associated during the construction of the project and thereby controlling the risk by implementing mitigation measures before the start of the work to avoid the incident.
HIRA helps to become proactive rather than just reactive. A HIRA is a risk assessment tool that can be used to assess which hazards pose the greatest risk in terms of how likely they are to occur and how great their potential impact may be. It is not intended to be used as a prediction tool to determine which hazard will cause the next emergency. Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment. HIRA is a process that consists of a number of sequential steps such as hazard identification, consequence & frequency assessment, risk estimation based on the existing controls and recommendations to reduce those risks which are not under acceptable limits. When we refer to risk in relation to occupational safety and health the most commonly used definition is 'risk is the likelihood that a person may be harmed or suffers adverse health effects if exposed to a hazard.