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A Review on Organic Waste Management Through Composting.
Food and organic waste account for up to 80% of municipal waste. These wastes lead to cause health issues if left for natural degradation for many years or properly not handled as consideration of enzymatic secretion of microorganisms. Ecofriendly management of this waste and the application of microorganisms is the greatest challenge to the Environment. Organic waste is consumed by the bacteria and is no longer to odors, pollution and sludge. The waste is converted into safe products when bacteria consume waste and produce several metabolites to break down complex waste into a simple compound. This study aimed to the management of organic waste (Food waste) through composting. The decaying of food waste Produces a large number of toxins and foul odors such as NH3 and H2S. Ammonia has a strong odor and can cause serious burns to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract. H2S causes serious water and air pollution. Composting has been used to improve soil structure and fertility by recycling organic matter into the soil. In recent years, the composting process has received much attention because of pollution concerns and the search for environmental- friendly methods for treating waste.
Solid waste, Waste management, Food waste, Composting, Organic fertilizer, Protect Environment.