In this project, the adsorption of CO2 on metal organic frameworks (MOFs) is comprehensively reviewed. First of all, the problems caused by greenhouse gas emissions are addressed, and different technologies used in CO2 capture are briefly introduced. The aim of this chapter is to provide a comprehensive overview of CO2 adsorption on solid materials with special focus on an emerging class of materials called metal organic frame works owing to their unique characteristics comprising extraordinary surface areas, high porosity, and the readiness for systematic tailoring of their porous structure. Recent literature on CO2 capture using MOFs is reviewed, and the assessment of CO2 uptake, selectivity, and heat of adsorption of different MOFs is summarized, particularly the performance at low pressures which is relevant to post combustion capture applications. Different strategies employed to improve the performance of MOFs are summarized along with major challenges facing the application of MOFs in CO2 capture. The last part of this chapter is dedicated to current trends and issues, and new technologies needed to be addressed before MOFs can be used in commercial scales.
In this project, we provide a short review on the most recent advances in using MOFs for CO2 adsorption and separation that are directly related to CO2 capture. Some of the important properties of MOF adsorbents which are crucial for practical applications but are largely overlooked in research carried out so far are discussed.
Keywords— carbon dioxide capture, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), solid sorbent.